Monthly Archives: March 2017

Tips enable to Cookies

Cookies are small pieces or strings of data that websites save on your computer through a browser, for keeping track of certain parameters related to your activity on that site or for other purposes. They enable the web page to become more interactive, by delivering tailor-made pages to users. The web server accesses cookies through the browser to achieve this. There may be inbuilt programming on the page, which enables access to these saved pieces of information, in order to deliver certain functionality to the site.

A cookie file, saved by a web page, is essentially a table of values assigned to specific information parameters that the site needs to access and enables it to deliver dynamic web pages. For example, when you log into a site, your login name, the start of your session time, along with the options that you select on the site, are saved on your computer through the browser. Information about every session can be carried forward to the next with the help of cookies. If you are accessing certain e-shopping sites, then they will carry information about your shopping cart details.

A web page is accessed by millions of users simultaneously. If the server saves all user related information on its side and has to retrieve it every time, the site may slow down. Instead, cookies are saved on the client computer side itself, which enables speedy delivery of pages, from the server side. They can be temporarily or permanently saved on a computer. Some have a ‘self-destruct’ mode and they get deleted, as soon as the browser is closed. So, it is essential that you know how to disable and enable cookies in a browser.

They come in two types: ‘First party’ and ‘Third Party’. First-party cookies belong to the same site which you are visiting, while third-party ones belong to other sites. Generally, the latter are blocked. Cookies may also contain scripts and some of them may be malicious. It is a good practice to enable them in such a way, that the browser asks you whether to save them or not. You can also set up an anti-spyware/malware software which detects such malicious cookies for you. You can also block all of them and allow only specific sites to save them.

Enabling Cookies in Different Browsers

The cookie implementation facility is dependent on the browser, rather than the operating system. There are a plethora of web browsers available now and each varies in its features and settings. The enable/disable option is available in the settings of every browser. Most of the browsers give an option to block specific sites.

Mozilla Firefox

  • To enable them, click on the ‘Tools’ option and click on ‘Options.’
  • A window with various tabs will open. Select the ‘Privacy’ tab. The ‘Firefox will accept Custom settings for history’ option will be selected and you will see a list of check boxes below.
  • Click on the check box which says ‘Accept cookies from sites’. There will be an exceptions tab, where you can specify sites from which you do not want cookies to be saved.
  • To disable third-party cookies, uncheck the box that says ‘Accept third party cookies’.
  • You can also choose the duration for which you want the cookies to be stored through the ‘Keep until’ option.

Internet Explorer

  • Click on the tools tab of IE8 and then select ‘Internet Options’ from the drop down window.
    A window with various tabs will open. Select the ‘Privacy’ tab and click on the ‘Advanced’ button.
  • The cookie-handling window will open. The check box titled ‘override automatic cookie handling’ must be in a checked state. Look at the options given below.
  • IE8 provides a set of three options – ‘Accept, Block, or Prompt’ for first and third-party cookies. Select the ‘Accept’ option for first-party ones or ‘Prompt,’ and you may choose to block the third-party cookies (recommended) or select the ‘Prompt’ option for them too.

Google Chrome

  • Click on the tools tab, symbolized by a spanner symbol.
    Next, click on the ‘Options’ in the drop down list.
  • Click on the ‘Under the Hood’ tab. You will see a ‘Cookie Settings’ section. Set the option to either ‘Allow all cookies’ or ‘Restrict how third party cookies can be used’.

Web designer job descripton

The innovation of the World Wide Web is a legend in itself. As of today, we cannot possibly imagine surviving without the internet. Give it a second for a mere click, and you have all the information you want, perhaps more than what you may have expected. This information is written by various content writers, and you are able to view this content on websites. A website consists of several links and web pages that contain further information. A plethora of brilliant minds work behind this concept, one of the primary ones being web designers. They are the ones who create and work on enhancing the appearance of a website. Since the advent of the Internet, millions of websites have been launched, and the number is increasing every minute. Various firm, service providers, federal organizations, offices, shopping outlets, schools/colleges, hospitals, companies, etc., own websites and keep them updated periodically. The paragraphs below enlist the job responsibilities of a web designer.

Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Every company/organization/business has a website as of today; the reason can be attributed to the increasing dependency on the internet for knowledge, advertising, and awareness.
  • Web designers are required to work closely with clients and discuss issues related to the creation, design, improvisation, betterment, and function of the website. They also need to discuss the target audience and leading competitors in the field.
  • They have to design a web page that is user-friendly, yet, is attractive enough to appeal to the audience.
  • Fixing problems encountered in the functioning of the website is one of the most important responsibilities.
  • They will need to adept at web languages, like HTML, CSS, XML, XHTML, ASP.Net, and PHP to write contents on web pages.
  • They have to work on improving image presentations and other features on the website digitally.
  • They have to be involved in website maintenance and usability, and ensure that its brand value improves.
  • They have to design interior page layouts and have expertise in graphic design software, like PhotoShop and CorelDraw.
  • They have to collaborate with the development team, SEO managers, and content addition department to ideate, plan, build, design, and program the website. They also have to work closely with the testing team, in order to implement the design.
  • They have to troubleshoot errors and brainstorm corrective solutions.
  • They may need to develop a draft site for the client’s convenience, and then design the actual website as per the given requirements.
  • They have periodic discussions with the client regarding the web page layouts.
  • Website traffic is an important point they have to keep in mind. They have to decide the navigation across the site very cautiously, so as to channel traffic.
  • They have to stay abreast of the latest technological innovations, online trends, web language elements, and graphical tools.
  • They have install and maintain security for the website.
  • They have to rectify faulty codes, perform site maintenance, and configure server software.
  • Even after site creation, they have to conduct periodic website upgradation and monitor its progress.
  • They have to register with search engines and establish the website.
  • They have to ensure that the site is compatible with all web browsers, operating systems, and other platforms.
  • The internal as well as external links have to be properly placed on the site.
  • He has to evaluate website performance, perform regular changes in color and grading, install the right software, and upgrade services.

Tips to web design development Software

The Internet is emerging as a popularly-used communication medium, due to its widespread and effective reach. Almost everyone has their own website, be it a corporate website or a personal webpage. If you have been shying away from the thought of designing your own webpage, you must know that there exist a variety of web development and designing software that can help you with the designing as well as development of webpages and websites.

Different Kinds of Web Design Software

Web design is the aesthetic aspect of creating websites and webpages, and deals with all designing elements. The web designing process can be defined as the process of conceptualizing, modeling, and execution of electronic media content delivery over the Internet in the form of a markup language that is suitable for interpretation by a web browser, and can be displayed as a graphical user interface. Web designing includes all facets like typography, graphics, and color management. There is a variety of software to facilitate the web development process; similarly, the varieties of software applications available for web designing are plentiful.

Adobe Flash
Adobe Flash is a proprietary graphics and animation application development program. It is used to generate and transfer dynamic content, sound, video, and interactive applications over the Internet. Flash is very popular with designers, since it gives them precise control over every aspect of the designing process.

Adobe Fireworks
Adobe Fireworks is a graphic editor that can be used with both bitmap and vector images. One of the prominent features of Adobe Fireworks is that it can be used to resize vector objects without loss in quality. It is used to integrate objects with other applications, like Adobe Dreamweaver and Adobe Flash.

Corel Draw Graphics Suite
Corel Draw enables users to manipulate vector images. The Coral Draw Graphics Suite offers a complete range of editing tools with which users can adjust everything from contrast to color balance. One prominent feature of this application is that it allows users to change the image format from RGB to CMYK. In addition to a wide range of special effects and borders, users can also access a large collection of fonts and clip art that the suite offers.

Adobe Photoshop
Adobe Photoshop is a popular graphics editors used by designers while working with bitmap images. Although conventionally used for print media, this software is now popularly used for editing graphics for the Internet as well.

Different Kinds of Web Development Software

Webpage development is actually a generalized term that encompasses a wide variety of activities that go into the development of a website. Web development, in general, consists of all the earlier stages that include e-business development, web content development, writing the markup, programming, and web-server configuration. Basically, webpage development refers to all activities that can be labeled as non-design activities in the development of a website. Webpage development software is specifically designed or created to help a person with the web development process. Such software can either serve to assist the web developer with one or multiple aspects of web development.

Microsoft Visual Studio
Microsoft Visual Studio is the ultimate development tool used by web developers. It helps users create websites, web applications, and web services that can be run on any platform, which is supported by Microsoft’s .NET framework. It also includes Visual Basic, Visual C#, Visual C++, and ASP.NET.

Adobe Dreamweaver
Dreamweaver is a very popular application that can hide the HTML code details of pages from the user, which enables non-coders to create webpages or websites.

Tips to become a Web Developer

The beautifully structured web pages and applications that you use on the Internet are all made available by the design effort of some very creative web developers. Designing web pages and providing functionality through them is an art and if you are planning to join this art troupe, there are a lot of skills that you need to master before you start expressing yourself on the canvas of the world wide web.

Who is a Web Developer?

The web page you see in front of your eyes is an example of the kind of work web developers engage in. Creating, publishing and maintaining aesthetically appealing web pages which provide desired functionality and interactive ability for the users worldwide, through client and server side coding, is the developer’s job. It’s a field where the newest developments become part of history within a few months as better options are brought in. To be a developer is to constantly learn new things and try out new things to create web pages that achieve the desired functionality.

How to Become a Web Developer?

Web developers can be broadly classified into two groups – client side and server side. A web page actually resides on a ‘server’ computer, where it is hosted and made available for viewing for people, 24×7. Whenever you type in the address of a web page in your web browser, a request is sent to the server, which then serves it to the client computer. The web browser reads the code from the server and renders it to display the web page. A client side programmer works on the client side rendering of the page on the web browser, while a server side programmer works on providing the server side functionality that makes availability and functionality of web pages possible. Here are the most important steps.

Master HTML & Web Designing
The Hypertext Markup Language is the most basic thing you need to learn to create a web page. It is the language which is understood by the web browser to display web content in a specific manner. You need to be fluent in writing HTML code to be able to create basic web pages. It’s an extremely simple language to learn and you will surely enjoy working with it. There are plenty of online HTML tutorials and books to help you out. Later you may also dabble into XHTML and XML which are more advanced markup languages.

Learn CSS to Render Beautiful Web Pages
Cascaded style sheets (CSS) is a more specialized language used in rendering the formatting of the web page to create web pages with aesthetic beauty. CSS mastery is an essential part of the training course to become a web developer. CSS works with HTML, XHTML and XML to create elegant web pages.

Learn Javascript to Create Interactive Web Pages
All the functionality you see on web pages like handling of forms, online calculators, etc., is made possible by the use of Javascript, a scripting language exclusively developed to provide functionality in web pages. Learning Javascript is essential as it can be used to directly interact with the user.

Learn Server Side Scripting With PHP, ASP .Net & Java EE
Client side scripting can provide very limited functionality and to deliver special functionality like the one required for hosting a site offering email facility, you require server side scripting. To be able to do that, you have to master PHP, ASP.NET, and JavaEE or at least acquire expertise in any one of the four.

A mastery of Java and Java based server side technologies is essential. You will need to learn basic VBscript too, if you plan to do any serious server side scripting on the .NET platform. Learning to handle server software like Apache and server operating systems like Unix and Linux is also necessary, if you want to double up as a web administrator for the pages you create.

Learn to Handle Server Side Databases
If you want to have a thorough mastery over all aspects of web development, you need to learn SQL (Simple Query Language) and learn to use database management systems like MySQL that are used in web designing. You may also need to learn Oracle database administration in context of web technologies. You may also need to master advanced technologies like AJAX later as your preparation advances.